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Regal Rajasthan


Rajasthan also known as land of Maharajas is the largest state of Republic India. From the cackle of its color-charged cities to the luminous splendor of its sun-kissed desert, Rajasthan is romantic India wrapped in gaudy royal robes. Here the fearsome Rajput warrior clans ruled with gilt-edged swords, plundered wealth and blood-thick chivalrous codes.


This diverse state is home to the Rajputs, warrior clans who claim to originate from the sun, moon and fire, and who have controlled this part of India for more than 1000 years.While they forged marriages of convenience and temporary alliances, pride and independence were always paramount; with the result that much of their energy was spent squabbling among themselves. The resultant weakness eventually led to the Rajputs becoming vassals of the Mughal Empire. Nevertheless, the Rajputs’ bravery and sense of honor were unparalleled. Rajput warriors would fight against all odds and, when no hope was left, chivalry demanded jauhar (ritual mass suicide by immolation). It’s unsurprising that Akbar persuaded Rajputs to lead his army, nor that subsequent Mughal emperors had such difficulty controlling this part of their empire. With the Mughal Empire declining, the Rajputs gradually clawed back independence –at least until the British arrived. As the British Raj inexorably expanded, most Rajput states allied with the British, which allowed them to continue as independent states, subject to certain political and economic constraint.

  Dhundhar Region

Dhundhar is an area in the western state of India, Rajasthan. It is also known as the Jaipur region because it includes the districts of Jaipur, Dausa, Sawai Madhopur and Tonk.It also consists of the northern part of the Karauli district. Located in the east central portion of Rajasthan it is surrounded by the Aravali range on the northwest, Ajmer in the west, Mewar region in the southwest, Hadoti region in the south and Alwar, Bharatpur and Karauli districts in the east. The southern and central portions of Dhundhar lie in the basin of the Banas River and its tributaries, including the Dhund River from which the region gets its name. The northern portion of the region is drained by the Ban Ganga River which originates in the Jaipur district which joins the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh. The Dhundhar region was ruled by the Meena kings and later on the region was governed by the Kachwaha dynasty from the 11th century. The Kachwaha kingdom had their first capital at Dausa then Amber which is now known as Jaipur. Jaipur is the first planned city of the country and is known as the Pink city.

  Shekhawati Region

Shekhawati is simply beautiful. Consist of Mandawa, Alsisar & Nawalgarh. Every street, house and wall has the stamp of an artist's imagination in paint. Wherever you cast an eye, frescoes smile back. The plethora of these murals comes rather as a surprise in a land which is traditionally known as an 'impoverished corner of an arid land'. But then the whole of Rajasthan, which is partly sandy and partly rugged and blessed only in a few places with a lake or a patch of green, is an exercise in color. Color which is the everyday life of the people. Colour which the people live in to counter that of the semi-arid scrub. Colour that people give to their surroundings… You just have to visit Shekhawati to believe what a riot color and imagination can create together, the Shekhawati which is Rajasthan very own Open Air Art Gallery.

  Marwar Region

The word Marwar is derived from Sanskrit word 'Maruwat'. English translation of the word is "region of death", reflecting harsh climatic conditions.Other view is that the word 'Marwar' is made up of ‘Mar’ from alternate name of Jaisalmer and last part ‘war’ of Mewar.Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 17, p. 213 defines Marwar as curruption of Maru-war, classically Marusthala or Marusthan, also called Marudesa, whence is derived the unintelligible Mardes of the early Muhamadan writers. The word means the 'region of death' and hence is applied to desert. Marwar is erstwhile princely state of Jodhpur. Marwar is the mythic place of Marwari origin. There is no part of India called Marwar. Historian James Tod says that the dry area between river Sutlej and sea was called Marwar in the past. But today it is supposed to be between Sindh, Gujarat, Ajmer and Jaipur. Marwar is and imaginary homeland of Marwaris. In 1929 a Hindi magazine “Chand Marwari Ank” (November 1929) published a special Marwari issue, on the past and present conditions of Marwar, noted that the place politically known as Rajputana is geographically and socially known as Marwar.

  Mewar Region

Mewar is located in the mid -southern part of Rajasthan and encompasses, broadly, the Districts of Rajsamand, Udaipur, Bhilwara and Chittaurgarh. Historically, the area comprised the erstwhile states of Udaipur, Shahpura (under partial subordination to Udaipur) and Pratapgarh, while to the south lay the states of Dungarpur and Banswara which were affiliated to Udaipur by descent and together formed the cultural zone known as Vagad.At the time of their merger into Rajasthan the areas commanded by Udaipur, Shahpura and Pratapgarh amounted, respectively, to 13,170, 405 and 873 sq. miles.Northwestern Mewar is dominated by the hilly Aravalli region which has been described as the most distinctive region of Rajasthan. While the hills are about 50 km. wide in the north, they fan out towards the southeast and the southwest as they descend. The northwestern limit forms a high ridge, beyond which lie Godwad and Marwar. The highest part of the Aravalli region, called the Bhorat Plateau, lies between Gogunda and Kumbhalgarh and has an average height of about 1255 metres. Around Udaipur, in the southeast, the hills are characterised in 'a great node of, spurs and curving ridges'. Col. Tod described the valley of Udaipur as 'the most diversified and most romantic spot on the continent of India'.East of the Aravalli region, above the great Indian watershed, commences the Banas Basin, while, to the south of the watershed, lies the Chhappan Plain, drained by the Mahi and its tributaries. Bordering these plains there occurs the upland - rim, formed by the Vindhyan Scarpland and the Deccan Lava Plateau, of which the Mewari 'Uparmal1 forms a latter part. In his Veer Vinod', Shyamal das drew attention to the steep gradients along some stretches: 46' per mile from Gogunda to Veerwara in Sirohi District; 32' per mile from Gogunda to river Som and 50' per mile from Bansito Dhariawad, for example.To this may be added the woodlands, still happily surviving particularly in the southwest and the mideast, and one can begin to have some idea of the variety of landscape - and climate - which Mewar offers and of its capacity for surprising the visitor almost at each, bend and at each leg -making the approach as appealing as the destination is exciting.

  Hadoti Region

Towards the southeast is one of Rajasthan's least explored regions. It is a region that is full of great historical towns with a proud heritage dating back several centuries.Walk back into the past as you visit prehistoric cave paintings and look for other traces of early civilisation. It will delight the archaeologist in you as you drive along the Chambal and stumble upon more relics from the past. Hadoti has a wealth of beautifully sculpted temples that seem frozen in time. Bundi, set in a narrow encircling gorge, the palaces and fortress of Bundi seem to come straight out of a fairy tale. The Bundi palace presents a fine example of Rajput architecture with its carved bracket, pillars, and balconies. While you are at the palace don't miss the famous Chitra Shala with its exquisite paintings of the Bundi School that adorn the walls here. Hadoti also known as Hadauti, Hadaoli, or Hadavati. It was called Bundi Kingdom before several states separated), is a region of Rajasthan state in western India. The biggest cities are Bundi and Kota. It includes the districts of Bundi, Baran, Jhalawar and Kota, and is bounded on the west by the Mewar, on the northwest by Ajmer regions of Rajasthan, and on the south by the Malwa, on the east by the Gird regions of Madhya Pradesh state.

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